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Superior natural immunity

0 Views· 08/17/22
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Scotland, mask mandates


Nicola Sturgeon, “prudent”

mandatory mask rules, until April 4 at the earliest.

Mask rules, case numbers well ahead of England


2,073,900 people (1 in 25) in England

97,900 people (1 in 30) in Wales

143,800 people (1 in 13) in Northern Ireland

299,900 people (1 in 18) in Scotland

COVID-19: Why Are We Ignoring Infection-Acquired Immunity?


Antibodies from natural infection, more abundant, more potent, at least 10 times more potent, than immunity generated by vaccination alone

Hybrid immunity, induces a sort of 'super-immunity',

irrespective of whether infection or vaccination comes first,

there is increasing evidence that immunity derived from natural infection with COVID-19 gives powerful protection on its own.

Natural immunity has been shown to be both highly protective and long lasting,

and to safeguard against both re-infection and severe disease.

Vaccination before or after SARS-CoV-2 infection leads to robust humoral response and antibodies that effectively neutralize variants

(Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) Portland, US


Antibody responses from the initial wave of vaccines in early 2021 have waned over 6 months,

contributing to an increase in breakthrough infections

We measure neutralizing antibody responses

Those with breakthrough infections

Hybrid immunity

No infection history

We find that human immune sera

After breakthrough infection and vaccination

After natural infection

broadly neutralize variants to a similar degree


Negatively correlates with antibody response after vaccination alone,

no correlation with age was found in breakthrough or hybrid immune groups.

Together, our data suggest that the additional antigen exposure from natural infection substantially boosts the quantity, quality, and breadth of humoral immune response regardless of whether it occurs before or after vaccination

COVID-19 Cases and Hospitalizations by COVID-19 Vaccination Status and Previous COVID-19 Diagnosis — California and New York, May–November 2021


By early October,

persons who survived a previous infection

had lower case rates than

persons who were vaccinated alone.

Natural immunity against COVID-19 significantly reduces the risk of reinfection: findings from a cohort of sero-survey participants (India)


strong plausibility that development of antibody following natural infection not only protects against re-infection by the virus to a great extent,

but also safeguards against progression to severe COVID-19 disease

EU drug regulator expresses doubt on need for fourth booster dose


European Medicines Agency, Head of Vaccines Strategy, Marco Cavaleri

While use of additional boosters can be part of contingency plans,

repeated vaccinations within short intervals would not represent a sustainable long-term strategy

Boosters every four months,

poses the risk of overloading people's immune systems,

and leading to fatigue in the population.

There is a need for an updated vaccine,

any such change would need to be coordinated globally.

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